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Wood Species


White Oak


Scientific Name:
Quercus Alba
Geographic Origin:
North America
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood is light to medium brown. Sapwood is nearly white to light brown.
Janka Hardness:
1350
Texture:
Coarse
Dimensional Stability:
Average-High

Hickory


Scientific Name:
Carya Myristiciformis
Geographic Origin:
United States
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood is light to medium brown. Sapwood is light yellow.
Janka Hardness:
2140
Texture:
Medium to coarse
Dimensional Stability:
Average

Maple


Scientific Name:
Acer Saccharum
Geographic Origin:
North America
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood is dark to red-brown. Sapwood which is most commonly used is off white to cream color.
Janka Hardness:
1450
Texture:
Fine
Dimensional Stability:
Low-Below Average

Cherry


Scientific Name:
Prunus Serotina
Geographic Origin:
North America
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood has a light pinkish brown color when freshly milled, over time darkening to a medium brown when exposed to light. Sapwood is pale yellow.
Janka Hardness:
950
Texture:
Fine
Dimensional Stability:
Average-High

Black Walnut


Scientific Name:
Juglans Nigra
Geographic Origin:
North America
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood can vary from light brown to dark chocolate brown, this species can have either a grey, purple or reddish cast. Sapwood is pale yellow to white.
Janka Hardness:
1010
Texture:
Medium
Dimensional Stability:
Average-High

Afromosia


Scientific Name:
Pericopsis Elata
Geographic Origin:
Africa
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood is yellow to golden brown, darkens with age. Sapwood is pale yellow.
Janka Hardness:
1570
Texture:
Medium-Coarse
Dimensional Stability:
Average-High

European Beech


Scientific Name:
Fagus Sylvatica
Geographic Origin:
Europe
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood is a pale cream color, with a pink to brown hue. Sapwood is white to yellow.
Janka Hardness:
1450
Texture:
Fine
Dimensional Stability:
Average

Jatoba


Scientific Name:
Hymenaea Courbaril
Geographic Origin:
Mexico, South America
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood varies from light orange to dark reddish brown, sometimes with contrasting streaks. Sapwood is light grey to yellow.
Janka Hardness:
2690
Texture:
Medium
Dimensional Stability:
Average

Sapele


Scientific Name:
Entandrophragma Cylindricum
Geographic Origin:
Africa
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood is golden to dark reddish brown. Sapwood is yellow.
Janka Hardness:
1410
Texture:
Medium
Dimensional Stability:
Average

Peruvian Walnut


Scientific Name:
Juglans Australis
Geographic Origin:
Mexico, South America
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood tends to be darker than traditional walnut species, with dark chocolate to purple colors. Light colored streaks can be mixed with the heartwood, which make this species have a higher degree of waste.
Janka Hardness:
960
Texture:
Medium
Dimensional Stability:
Average-High

Wenge


Scientific Name:
Millettia Laurentii
Geographic Origin:
Africa
Color/Appearance:
Heartwood is medium brown, red or yellow hue, with nearly black streaks. Wood tends to have mineral traces. Sapwood is yellow in color.
Janka Hardness:
1930
Texture:
Coarse
Dimensional Stability:
Average-High